Deductive and inductive reasoning tests are popular aptitude tests seen on many job selection processes. Here we explain the differences between the two test styles and refer you to relevant practice resources.
Put simply, inductive and deductive reasoning are opposite directions of thought used for data analysis. Let's define each term first:
- Inductive reasoning: the inference of general rules from particular instances.
- Deductive reasoning: the inference of particular instances from a general rule.
What do the tests looks like
Who is expected to take each test?
Recommended External resources
- This is great PDF brochure by SHL, which shows what types of questions appear on their deductive reasoning assessments. Our deductive reasoning practice pack follows these question styles.
- This is a great article by Diffen, that goes deeper into the scientific differences between the two modes of thought.